It would have given parents the option to let their child proceed to the next grade level even if the school recommended holding the child back. And it would have called for more intensive after-hours classes to bring students up to par.
Pointing to those statistics, Martinez and Republicans have pushed bills in the past that would require holding back hundreds if not thousands of third-grade students based on reading tests.
In her State of the State address last month, Martinez said this bill would create “a framework for parents and teachers to work together on interventions for children who have fallen behind on reading in early grades.”State law currently allows parents and teachers to decide if a third-grader should be held back or promoted to fourth grade. But parents have a one-time right to override a school staff’s decision to hold back a child. And Martinez has argued holding back students should be more common.Research on holding back students has shown mixed findings. A 2009 Rand Corp. report on retention policies in New York City found that holding back students only leads to short-term gains and ultimately hurts students’ academic and social standing.But a 2011 Public Policy Institute of California report said retention at the first- and second-grade level can pay off and yield positive results up to the seventh grade.